Complete Guide for Visual Art Elements


Visual Art Elements

If you ever wonder how artists make good art, think not only about what can be produced with creativity but also what is the extent of their knowledge in making art. Artists are not only depending on their subjective view of their art, they also apply necessary technical skills that make the art more accurate.

Creating also requires a technical method, this is to make sure that the art is complete of all the elements required for it to be called a masterpiece. Artists know how vital the elements are in the process, skipping one visual art element could compromise the whole art. If you are looking for more details about visual art elements, you can read it below.

1. Lines

A vase with flowers in it

Lines are marks between two points. It makes up the outline of an object and may specify texture, movement, contours, and direction. They also act as a situational element for the viewer to grasp an object’s concept of nature in the physical world.

2. Shape

A vase sitting on a table

When lines enclose an area, it forms shapes. The shape is a design with two dimensions and can be classified into geometric or organic shapes.

3. Form

Form is a shape with three dimensions, which are length, height, and depth of volume.

4. Color

Hue, intensity, and value make up a color. When an object is struck by light, it is reflected back into the eye’s optic nerve, which reacts to a hue.

5. Space

When an object occupies an area or when the absence of an object forms an area, it is referred to as space.

6. Rhythm

Rhythm is the association of lines, color, and other elements of art in an organized pattern to produce an effect that is pleasing to the eyes.

7. Balance

In creating balance, there should be an observed equilibrium between the art elements. Balance can be achieved through proper observation of the visual weight of each art element and its position.

8. Emphasis

Another element to consider is the central focus of interest in a piece is called emphasis. It is formed by accentuating a specific area or element.

9. Contrast

Contrast is a visual art element referred to as the apparent difference between elements. There are different contrasts, and one example is color contrast. Color contrast can be achieved by using complementary colors and adjusting their intensity, value, or saturation.

10. Unity

The final element in visual arts that complete the list is what we call Unity. Unity in visual art can be challenging to define in technical terms but easier to recognize intuitively. By arranging the art elements with balance and harmony and bound by a unifying element, one can create unity in visual art.

Visual art elements are the building blocks of composition. Learning them by heart is the key to making good art. As an artist, you have to acknowledge the different elements, not only will it benefit you, but it will also ensure the quality of the art you are producing.

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