Techniques for Weaving


There are a variety of techniques that can be used to weave fabric. In order to create a basic fabric, two pieces of yarn or thread are required. The two threads are then woven together using one of the following techniques:

Plain weave:

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This is the most basic weaving technique. In plain weave, each thread passes over and under the other thread in a repeating pattern.

Twill weave:

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Twill weave is more complex than plain weave. In a twill weave, the diagonal lines created by the passing of one thread over and under another are more pronounced than in a plain weave.


In basket weave, two or more sets of parallel warp strands are crossed at regular intervals by weft yarns. The resulting pattern resembles a woven basket.

Chain stitch:

In chain stitch, long loops of thread are made and then secured to form a straight line. This is the basis for needlepoint and embroidery projects.


This technique involves tying knots around one another in order to create a strong fabric that can be used as wall hangings or clothing items such as purses and belts.


Kumihimo techniques involve the use of cords to weave patterns together in order to make sturdy ropes, dresses, bags, belts, and other objects.


Kilim fabrics are created by tightly knotting many different colors of yarn together to create a colorful and intricate design.

Bead weaving:

Bead weaving involves the use of small beads to create intricate designs.

Cord making:

There are a variety of techniques for making cords or ropes that can be used in sewing, macrame, and other projects.


This technique is similar to knitting but uses one hook instead of two needles. Crocheting produces a thicker fabric than knitting does with most yarns.


Knitting creates very stretchy fabrics with even stitches across the entire width of the piece being knit. The result is an elastic fabric ideal for sweaters, hats, scarves, and mittens.

Weft-faced weaving:

In this technique, the weft is twisted in order to form a solid thick fabric.

Tapestry weaving:

Tapestry techniques are often used to create large pieces for wall hangings or other items. The motif of the tapestry determines how it will be woven with many tapestries showing scenes that are meant to be read from right to left.

Weaving without loom:

This technique involves making fabric by hand using only yarn and a small wooden tool called a shuttle. Complex patterns can be created with this technique which is often seen in Native American works of art such as Navajo rugs, Pueblo pottery, and Tohono O’odham basket-making.

Weft insertion technique:

This technique is often used in crochet projects. Yarn is wrapped around two hooks that are then inserted into the fabric repeatedly to create a thick, textured fabric.

Wrapped looping:

Wrapped looping involves tightly wrapping yarn around one object (typically another piece of yarn) and then sliding loops off onto another object to create designs.


There are many different techniques that can be used to weave fabric. Each technique produces a different type of fabric with its own unique characteristics. Whether you are looking to create a basic fabric, something intricately designed, or a sturdy rope, there is a weaving technique perfect for the job. So get out those yarns and hooks and get to work.

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